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Vocabulary Notebook 

 

2017-18 Social Studies: Vocabulary Notebook

Week 1:

Equator- the imaginary side to side line on a globe that divide the northern and southern hemisphere

Prime Meridianthe imaginary up and down line on a globe that divide the eastern and western hemisphere

Compass rose- a map tool that give directions

Cardinal directions- the main directions on a compass rose

Intermediate directions- the directions in between the main directions on a compass rose

 

Week 2:

Hemisphere- the four sections of the globe created by the equator and prime meridian

Legend (key)- the part of a map that contains symbols

Scale- measures distance on a map

Latitudethe imaginary side to side lines on a globe

Longitude- the imaginary up and down lines on a globe

 

Week 3:

Barter- to exchange one good or service for another

Money economy- to exchange money for a good or service

Urban- in a city

Suburban- in a neighborhood

Rural- in the country / farms

 

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Science Academic Vocabulary- State assessed

Predator - an animal that hunts other animals for food.

Prey - an animals that IS hunted for food by other animals.

endangered -  animals who are at risk of becoming extinct because it is either few in numbers, or threatened by changing of environment

threatened - any species which is likely to become endangered in the foreseeable future throughout all or a significant portion of its range

thriving - any living thing that is doing well in its environment, growing and reproducing with no problems

Crystallize- to form crystals

heredity - the passing of characteristics that a person, animal, or a plant has from one generation  to another

photosynthesis - the process by which a plant makes food

life cycle - the series of changes that a living thing goes through during its lifetime

offspring - the living thing made when an animal reproduces

organism - any living thing

data - a set of information

energy- the ability to cause change

pollution- the addition of harmful materials to the environment

orbit- to move in a path, usually around a planet or star

rotation- a complete spin, or turn, of a planet or other body

solar system- the Sun and the planets, moons, and other objects that orbit the Sun

matter - anything that has mass and takes up space.  Matter is found in three states: solids, liquids, and gases

revolution - one complete orbital motion around an axis

atmosphere - the layers of air that cover the Earth's surface

moon phases - the different shapes of the moon during a one month period

needs - the things that people must have in order to live

wants - the things people would like to have

geological feature - a part of Earth's surface, either land or water, that has a certain shape and that is formed naturally.

decomposer - any animal that feeds off decomposing organic material, especially bacteria or fungi

conservation- the safekeeping and wise use of natural resources

natural resources- a material from the Earth that is useful to people

cumulus - a large, white, puffy cloud that develops through convection.  On a hot, humid day, they can form towers and even become cumulonimbus clouds

cumulonimbus - a cloud with a tall structure and a flat base, often associated with thunderstorms

stratus - a low-level, gray cloud usually associated with precipitation

scarcity - not having enough resources to provide all the things we want or need

cirrus - high, thin, wispy clouds that usually mean fair weather

weathering - the breaking up or wearing away of rock

landforms - shapes on Earth's surface . . . mountains, hills

chronological order- arranged in order of time of occurrence

rain gauge- a device used to measure rainfall

conductor- any material that allows heat to move through it easily

barometer - an instrument for measuring atmospheric pressure

anemometer - an instrument used for measuring and recording the speed of wind.

wind vane - an instrument used to measure the direction of wind

water cycle - the movement of water between the air and Earth as it changes

pitch - how high or low a sound seems

magnetic attraction - the ability to attract iron and steel

physical properties - a characteristic of matter that can be measured or observed with the senses

cross section -a section formed by a plane cutting through an object, usually at right angles 

scientific method - observe, ask a question, hypothesis, experiment, conclusion

physical change - A change in the size, shape, or state of matter

observe - to use tools and the senses to gather information and to determine the properties of objects or events 

force - a push or a pull

mixture -matter that is made up of two or more substances or materials that are physically combined